It’s been around for over 100 years since the first espresso machine was invented in the mid-1800s. Espresso becomes very popular accross the world nowadays, and many people go nuts for it. Generally, there are 7 types of espresso drinks.
Espresso is the base for all other Espresso drinks such as a cappuccino, caffè latte, caffè macchiato, caffè Americano, flat white, or caffè mocha. It’s a kind of coffee brewed by forcing a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans. Generally, Espresso is stronger, thicker and more flavorful than coffee brewed by other methods.
A latte, which means “milk coffee” in Italian, is one of the most popular coffee drinks. In some countries, it’s almost always prepered at home only for breakfast. And you can find it on the menu in every coffee shop. Traditionally, it’s made with espresso and steamed milk. The solid ratio is one part espresso to three parts milk.
Compare to latte, Cappuccino is composed of double espresso and hot milk, with the surface topped with foamed milk. It’s generally prepared by an espresso machine. The double espresso is poured at the bottom firstly, then the same mount of milk is poured in by using the espresso machine steam wand.
The caffè macchiato, also called cortado in some countries, is a shot of espresso coffee with a small amount of foamed milk. It has the highest ratio of espresso to milk in espresso drinks. Usually, it’s prepered by pouring a small amount of steamed milk directly into the espresso coffee.
It’s is a kind of coffee drink prepered by brewing espresso with 6 to 8 oz of hot water added. Americano has a similar strength to drip coffee, but with a different flavor. It’s normally used when somebody orders a brew-coffee sized drink in an espresso bar.
Ristretto is normally a short shot of esppresso coffee, which is particularly rich and intense in flavor. The normal amount of ground coffee need to be extracted with about half the mount of water. Thus, the Ristretto is usually More concentrated, has a different balance, and Fewer total extracts. And only a skilled barista can make a greate tasting Ristretto.
Compared to a ristretto, the lungo is the opposite. It’s typically prepered by using a espresso machine to make a short black esspreso coffee with generally twice as much water. Thus, a lungo is less strong, but more bitter than other esppresso drinks. And it’s normally shorter than an Caffè Americano.